Math EOG Words

  • Numbers & Operations
    Clues to Add    How many in all? What is the total? What is the sum? How many altogether? How many
    Clues to Subtract    What is the difference? How many more? How many are left? How much longer,
    shorter, taller, heavier? How much change?
    Denominator    the bottom number of a fraction – tells how many parts there are
    Difference    the answer you get when you subtract
    Double    a number twice    12+12=24 or 12x2=24
    Estimate    to find a number that is close to an exact amount by rounding
    Equivalent    having the same value – equal
    Factor    a number multiplied
    Half    to divide into 2 equal groups    14 ÷ 2 = 7
    Mixed Number    a whole number and a fraction    Example 2 3/Numerator    the top number of a fraction – tells how many parts are shaded
    Product    the answer you get when you multiply
    Quotient    the answer you get when you divide
    Round    to replace a number with one that tells about how much or how many
    Sum    the answer you get when you add
    Approximately    about, estimate
    Area    the number of square units needed to cover a space – multiply length x width
    Capacity    the volume of a container measured in liquid units
    Standard – think BIG G
    4 quarts= 1 gallon    2 pints = 1 quart    2 cups = 1 pint
    1 cup (c) = 8 ounces (oz)    1 tablespoon (tbsp) = 3 teaspoons (tsp)
    Metric – 1 liter (L) = 1,000 milliliters (mL)
    Century    equal to 100 years
    Decade    equal to 10 years
    Degree    a unit for measuring angles or temperature
    Length (Standard)    1 foot (ft) = 12 inches (in)    inch = small paper clip
    1 yard (yd) = 3 feet or 36 inches    foot = length of notebook paper
    1 mile (mi) = 5,280 feet or 1,760 yards    yard = baseball bat
    Length (Metric)    1 centimeter (cm) = 10 millimeters (mm)    centimeter = width of your pinky nail
    1 decimeter (dm) = 10 centimeters    decimeter = from thumb to pointer finger
    1 meter (m) = 100 centimeters    meter = your arm span
    1 kilometer (km) = 1,000 meters
    Mass    the measure of the quantity of matter in an object
    1 kilogram (kg) = 1,000 grams (g)    kilogram = your math book    gram = paper clip
    Temperature    Freezing Point – 32 degrees Fahrenheit – 0 degrees Celsius
    Boiling Point - 212 degrees Fahrenheit – 100 degrees Celsius
    Body Temp – 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit – 37 degrees Celsius
    Room Temp – 68 degrees Fahrenheit – 20 degrees Celsius
    Time    1 day = 24 hours    1 hour = 60 minutes    1 minute = 60 seconds    1 week = 7 days
    Weight    1 pound (lb) = 16 ounces (oz)    1 ton (T) = 2,000 pounds (lbs)
    Year    365 days    52 weeks    12 months
    Angle    two rays that have the same endpoint
    Acute – an angle whose measure is between 0 and 90 degrees
    Right – an angle whose measure is exactly 90 degrees
    Obtuse – an angle whose measure is between 90 and 180 degrees
    Straight – an angle whose measure is exactly 180 degrees
    Complementary angles    2 angles whose measures have a sum of 90 degrees
    Cone    a solid figure with 1 circular face, 0 edges, and 0 vertices    Ex. a party hat
    Congruent    figures that have the same shape and size
    Cube    a solid figure with 6 square faces, 12 edges, and 8 vertices    Ex. a box
    Cylinder    a solid figure with 2 circular faces, 0 edges, and 0 vertices    Ex. a roll of paper towels
    Equilateral triangle    a triangle with 3 equal sides, angles measure 180 degrees
    Heptagon    a polygon with 7 sides
    Hexagon    a polygon with 6 sides
    Intersecting lines    lines that cross at one point
    Isosceles triangle    a triangle with exactly 2 equal sides, angles measure 180 degrees
    Line    a straight path of points that goes on forever in two directions
    Line segment    part of a line that includes two endpoints
    Line of symmetry    the fold line in a symmetrical figure
    Octagon    a polygon with 8 sides
    Parallel lines    lines that never cross and stay the same distance apart
    Pentagon    a polygon with 5 sides
    Perpendicular lines    two lines that intersect to form square corners or right angles
    Point    an exactly point in space
    Quadrilateral    a four sided polygon, angles measure 360 degrees
    Square – 4 equal sides, 4 right angles, 2 pair of parallel sides
    Rectangle – opposite sides equal, 4 right angles, 2 pair of parallel sides
    Parallelogram – opposite sides equal, 2 pair of parallel sides
    Trapezoid – one pair of parallel sides
    Rhombus – 4 equal sides, 2 pair of parallel sides
    Ray    has one endpoint and continues without end in one direction
    Reflection    the change in position of a figure by flipping it over a horizontal or vertical line
    Right triangle    a triangle that has a right angle
    Scalene triangle    a triangle with no equal sides, angles measure 180 degrees
    Similar    figures that have the same shape, but not the same size
    Decrease    when numbers go down
    Equation    a number sentence that shows two quantities are equal
    Increase    when numbers go up
    Order of Operations    1. Parentheses    2. Multiply / Divide    3. Add / Subtract
    Variable    a letter or symbol that represents a number
    Data Analysis
    Bar graph    a graph that uses bars to represent data
    Circle graph    a graph that shows how parts of data relate to a whole
    Line graph    a graph that uses a line to show change over time
    Ordered pair    a pair of numbers used to locate a point on a coordinate grid
    Ex. (5,2)    Over5,Up2    Run........down the court and Shoot
    Pictograph    a graph that shows information by using pictures
    Range    the difference between the largest value and the smallest value in a set of data
    Stem-and-leaf plot    a table that shows data by place value
    Survey    a method of gathering information about a group