Reading EOG Words
EOG Reading Vocabulary Words and Defintions
Fiction: A story that is made up or not true
Non-Fiction: A selection that is true or factual
Narrative: Another name for a story
EyeWitness Account: A report of what a person saw with their own eyes
Drama: Another word for plays
Poetry: A text with stanzas. Lines, and rhyming words
Memoirs: A kind of writing that tells someone’s memories
Summary: A retelling of the most important parts of what was read.
Order Form: Something you fill out when you want to buy something.
Menu: A list of choices you can get at a restaurant.
Schedule: A list of times and activities
Recipe: Directions for cooking something
Make-believe: made up/not real
Biography: A story about someone’s life
Autobiography: When the author tells his own life story
Article: A non-fiction selection usually found in a newspaper or magazine.
Fantasy: Stories that have elements in them that could not really happen.
Folk Tales: Fiction stories that are based on legends.
Fairy Tales: Stories that involve unrealistic characters like fairies, and usually have a happy ending
Myths/Legend: A story passed down from generations that explain historical events
Diaries/Journals: A record of daily events
Cause: What makes something happen
Effect: What happens because of something.
Significance: A part of the story that is important
Impact: A dramatic or large effect on the story
Main Idea: What the story is mainly about.
Purpose: why the author wrote the passage
Opinion: How a person feels about something
Mood/Tone: The way a story makes you feel
Characteristics: Traits a character has
Fact: A statement that is true
Details: sentences that support the main idea that tells who, what, when, where and why
Influence: The effect a situation or character has on each other.
Information: communication of knowledge
To Entertain: Humor the reader (funny)
To Inform: To give information or facts to the reader
To Persuade: To get the reader to buy or do something
Prediction: Something you think will happen
Compare and Contrast: How are things alike and different
Sequence: The order of events
Inference: A special kind of guess or opinion based on facts.
Characters: The people or animals in the story
Plot: Part of the story that tells what happens.
Problem: Part of the Plot. Also known as the conflict
Resolution: When the problem in the story is fixed
Setting: Where and when the story takes place.
Synonym: Words that have the same meaning
Antonym: Words that have the opposite meaning
Multiple-Meaning Words: Words that are spelled the same, but have different meanings.
Prefix: The word part before the root word
Suffix: The word part at the end of a root word
Point of View: Some stories are written in the 1st person and use the word I. Others are written in the 3rd person and use the words: he, she….
Context Clues: When you use the words or sentences around the word to find a meaning.
Generalization: When you make a statement based from facts
Theme: The message the author wants to deliver
Flashback: When the author suddenly interrupts the flow of the story o jump back to earlier events
Stereotype: An opinion that describes an entire group of people.
Propaganda: The facts, ideas or claims to persuade people to support a particular opinion or course of action
Foreshadowing: To give the reader information before it happens
Hyperbole: to exaggerate
Onomatopoeia: writing words that sound like sound
Bold Print: Words that are usually written darker than others
Subheading: Introduces the main idea of the section that follows
Subtitles: Usually the second title of an article.
Italics: Words that are written with slanting letters
Parenthesis: one or both of the curved marks ( ) used in writing
Map: Help illustrate where the story takes place
Graph: Helps give the reader information about a topic dealing with numbers
Graphic Organizer: A diagram used to help organize information from a selection
Illustration: A picture or drawing to add to the selection
Heading: Tells what the article is about
Foot Notes: Information given at the bottom of a selection to help the reader understand words or terms
Timeline: A sequence of events of a person or place in time
Diagram: A picture to help with the understanding of information
Table: The arrangement of data
Flow Chart: A step-by-step change of data over time.
Index: Located at the back of a textbook and lists each section or topic found in the book with its page number
Table of Contents: Located in the front of a book that lists units, chapters, stories or section in the order that they appear in the book
Glossary: A small dictionary in the back of a book
Poet: author or writer of a poem
Speaker: A person who reads the poem out loud
Stanza: A group of lines that make up a paragraph in a poem
Numbered Line: A group of words on one line with a number in the front
Ingredients: the edible materials used in cooking
Utensils: tools used in cooking (EX: spoon)
Equipment: The machines used in cooking
Bake: To cook
Oven: A chamber used for cooking