Reading EOG Words

  • EOG Reading Vocabulary Words and Defintions


    Fiction: A story that is made up or not true
    Non-Fiction: A selection that is true or factual
    Narrative: Another name for a story
    EyeWitness Account: A report of what a person saw with their own eyes
    Drama: Another word for plays
    Poetry: A text with stanzas. Lines, and rhyming words
    Memoirs: A kind of writing that tells someone’s memories
    Summary: A retelling of the most important parts of what was read.
    Order Form: Something you fill out when you want to buy something.
    Menu: A list of choices you can get at a restaurant.
    Schedule: A list of times and activities
    Recipe: Directions for cooking something
    Make-believe: made up/not real
    Biography: A story about someone’s life
    Autobiography: When the author tells his own life story     
    Article: A non-fiction selection usually found in a newspaper or magazine.
    Fantasy: Stories that have elements in them that could not really happen.
    Folk Tales: Fiction stories that are based on legends.
    Fairy Tales: Stories that involve unrealistic characters like fairies, and usually have a happy ending
    Myths/Legend: A story passed down from generations that explain historical events
    Diaries/Journals: A record of daily events


    Cause: What makes something happen
    Effect: What happens because of something.
    Significance: A part of the story that is important
    Impact: A dramatic or large effect on the story
    Main Idea: What the story is mainly about.
    Purpose: why the author wrote the passage
    Opinion: How a person feels about something
    Mood/Tone: The way a story makes you feel
    Characteristics: Traits a character has
    Fact: A statement that is true
    Details: sentences that support the main idea that tells who, what, when, where and why
    Influence: The effect a situation or character has on each other.
    Information: communication of knowledge
    To Entertain: Humor the reader (funny)
    To Inform: To give information or facts to the reader
    To Persuade: To get the reader to buy or do something
    Prediction: Something you think will happen
    Compare and Contrast: How are things alike and different
    Sequence: The order of events
    Inference: A special kind of guess or opinion based on facts.
    Characters: The people or animals in the story
    Plot: Part of the story that tells what happens.
    Problem: Part of the Plot. Also known as the conflict
    Resolution: When the problem in the story is fixed
    Setting: Where and when the story takes place.
    Synonym: Words that have the same meaning
    Antonym: Words that have the opposite meaning
    Multiple-Meaning Words: Words that are spelled the same, but have different meanings.
    Prefix: The word part before the root word
    Suffix: The word part at the end of a root word
    Point of View: Some stories are written in the 1st person and use the word I. Others are written in the 3rd person and use the words: he, she….
    Context Clues: When you use the words or sentences around the word to find a meaning.
    Generalization: When you make a statement based from facts
    Theme: The message the author wants to deliver
    Flashback: When the author suddenly interrupts the flow of the story o jump back to earlier events
    Stereotype: An opinion that describes an entire group of people.
    Propaganda: The facts, ideas or claims to persuade people to support a particular opinion or course of action
    Foreshadowing: To give the reader information before it happens
    Hyperbole: to exaggerate
    Onomatopoeia: writing words that sound like sound

    Bold Print: Words that are usually written darker than others
    Subheading: Introduces the main idea of the section that follows
    Subtitles: Usually the second title of an article.
    Italics: Words that are written with slanting letters
    Parenthesis: one or both of the curved marks ( ) used in writing
    Map: Help illustrate where the story takes place
    Graph: Helps give the reader information about a topic dealing with numbers
    Graphic Organizer: A diagram used to help organize information from a selection
    Illustration: A picture or drawing to add to the selection
    Heading: Tells what the article is about
    Foot Notes: Information given at the bottom of a selection to help the reader understand words or terms
    Timeline: A sequence of events of a person or place in time
    Diagram: A picture to help with the understanding of information
    Table: The arrangement of data
    Flow Chart: A step-by-step change of data over time.
    Index: Located at the back of a textbook and lists each section or topic found in the book with its page number
    Table of Contents: Located in the front of a book that lists units, chapters, stories or section in the order that they appear in the book
    Glossary: A small dictionary in the back of a book


    Poet: author or writer of a poem
    Speaker: A person who reads the poem out loud
    Stanza: A group of lines that make up a paragraph in a poem
    Numbered Line: A group of words on one line with a number in the front


    Ingredients: the edible materials used in cooking

    Utensils: tools used in cooking (EX: spoon)

    Equipment: The machines used in cooking

    Bake: To cook

    Oven: A chamber used for cooking